Recommended Reading

Exploring Theological Principles

The Gospel is Found Even in Calvinism – A discussion of how the Gospel pops up in every philosophy and theology, including one as Satanic as Calvinism.

Sacramental Validity Under Sola Fide and According to the Gospel Promise – I examine what the traditional sacraments look like in light of the antinomianism of Paul and the Gospel promise. There is in actual fact only one single sacrament, but it manifests in many and various ways.

How Does Forgiveness Work Anyway? – Forgiveness is actually quite a complex and intricate topic, both as it applies to us and as it applies to God. This post briefly explores some of the key distinctions at play.

Deductive Proof of Incarnation and Pluralism – If God is subject to logic, as our Muslim brothers so strongly insist, then it logically follows that God is necessarily incarnate. Furthermore, religious pluralism is found to be a logically consistent position to hold.

Venerate by your Hands; Worship in your Heart – An exploration of the Catholic church and it’s seemingly flagrant and impious violations of the second commandment. Why is it that Catholics bow down to and kiss statues of saints? Doesn’t God clearly say that this is unacceptable? Spoiler: Nope, it’s actually completely acceptable and admirable, but there are lots of technical distinctions which come into play.

2 Ways to Live – One True Gospel Edition – A re-imagining of the Sydney Anglican “Two ways to live” presentation of the Gospel. If I was introducing the gospel to someone who had never heard it before I would say something along the lines of what is written in this post.

Revisiting Sola Scriptura – In this post I outline two logical sequences aimed at proving the inspiration of scripture, one Catholic, one Protestant. The Catholic account emerges superior, but the protestant one is interesting to consider and ponder.

Tough Apologetic Questions for the Non-Universalist – A logical walk through all the possibilities concerning God, Hell, Love, Punishment. Universalism emerges as the only coherent eschatalogical account. The alternatives are shown to come up short.

Exploration Of “Same-sex Marriage” Under Catholic Moral Law and Sin and Same-Sex Marriage – The titles are pretty self explanatory. Some reflections that I set down after pondering same-sex romantic relationships after the Australian government legislated in favour of redefining marriage.

Ecclesiology – Communion and Schism – If there is only one, holy, catholic, apostolic church, and the maxim “wherever there is the eucharist and the bishop; there is the catholic church” holds, then what are we to make of the various historical schisms that have afflicted the church through the ages? Has the church split in two? Or is there in reality a hidden unity that binds us all together even if at face value it appears that we are divided?

Anselm was Wrong – A short post criticising the Anselmian argument in favour of everlasting torture. This doctrine is incompatible with a loving, powerful God.

Catholics should embrace “Simul Iustus Et Peccator” and Justification as Declaration – Two posts exploring the protestant idea that we are simultaneously justified and a sinner.

Mariology and the Implications of Theosis – What does salvation actually imply? “God became man so that man might become God” – how literally are we supposed to take this? What does it mean in the light of the immaculate conception?

The Mass and the Cross – This post responds to the common protestant objection that the Catholic mass re-crucifies Christ. If the mass is the sacrifice of the cross, how is that compatible with the idea that Christ offers his sacrifice once for all time?

Eternal Punishments and Timeless Tortures – A discussion of how everlasting punishment is compatible with universalism.

What is Catholic Tradition? – The word “Tradition” often gets bandied about by Christians in all camps without actually knowing what it means. Protestants think all traditions are evil. Catholics think tradition is supreme. It’s helpful to explore what exactly tradition actually is.

Holy Saturday and the Unquenchable Love of the Latter Day Saints – This post discusses the question “How do the people in heaven feel about the people in Hell?” Mainstream Christianity chokes when answering this question, but the Mormons are fearless.

An Anathema Against Assurance – An exploration of “Certainty” and assurance in light of Catholic dogma. Are we permitted to be confident of our election? Are we permitted to be certain?

Private Interpretation and the Scope of Catholic Theology – “Private Interpretation” is a dirty phrase among Catholics. Supposedly we can’t be trusted to work things out for ourselves. I explore the issue and discover that things aren’t quite so cut and dried.

Speculations Concerning The Origins and Destiny of Evil – A grand post which surveys the entirety of salvation history: beginning, middle and end. The mystery of evil is examined in light of the Gospel of universal salvation.

Meditations on Freedom and Idolatry of Freedom and Free will and Apokatastasis– Catholics and Orthodox like to insist that we are “free”. What does this even mean? In what sense are we free? How does our freedom interact with the doctrine of predestination? Who is right: The Calvinists or the Arminians?

Questions of Canon and Ecumenism – What is the significance of the fact that different Christian communities follow different canons of scripture? How can we possible unite as Christians if we can’t even agree on what constitutes the word of God?

The Binding of Isaac, The Agony of Job, and The Dark Night of the Soul – An epic post which examines the relationship between Abraham, Job, John Piper and the rest of us. How does the dark night of the soul manifest in our lives and what does it look like?

Understanding Indulgences – What do indulgences look like if you also affirm the Lutheran Sola Fide? Answer: An incredibly helpful, edifying, beautiful doctrine.

The Glorious Gospel – What is the gospel anyway? Jesus died and rose again; great, please pass the salt? What does it mean for me?

Objective and Subjective Salvation – An exploration of a very helpful distinction. Objective and Subjective salvation often get mixed up in every day theological discourse. It is incredibly useful to rightly discern which one we are referring to when engaging in debate and discussion.

Unpopular opinions – Polygamy, Physical discipline, female priests. All the hot button issues rolled up into one post.

A fresh look at the Sacrament of Confirmation – An exploration of the sacrament of confirmation in light of the Lutheran Sola Fide. An otherwise strange and mysterious sacrament with no obvious purpose suddenly comes alive.

Drugs – A short essay examining the issue of legal and illegal drugs and medicines. Is recreational chemical usage permissible?

Aeviternal Apokatastasis – A post comparing the practice of Protestant and Catholic funerals, and the relationship with beliefs concerning heaven, hell and purgatory. What does it mean that there is change in the afterlife but no time?

Ramblings Concerning Eschatology, Sin and Salvation – An early post pondering the terrors of purgatory compared with the tortures of Hell. Which is actually worse?

Commands, Invitations and Promises – A concise exploration of the effect that Commands, Invitations and Promises have upon someone. The relationship to salvation is explored: Is salvation a command, an invitation, a promise, or some combination of all three?

A Universalist Catholic Account Of The Last Things – A simple explanation of how to fit together Heaven, Hell, Purgatory, Limbo, Gehenna, The resurrection, The eschaton, Sheol, Hades, Tartarus etc etc. We have so many words and concepts in the Christian traditions for what happens after death that it can be hard to disentangle them, integrate them and get a clear idea of what is actually going on. This post aims to clear the water.

Who’s Saved And How? – A dot point exposition of issues surrounding salvation. Who is saved? Why/how are they saved? What are my responsibilities?

Divine Freedom and Necessity and Divine Plurality For Non-Trinitarians and Simplicity and Trinitarianism and On the Interchangeability Between Different Models of the Trinity – A series where I reflect on the doctrine of the trinity and how it relates to classical theism. I explain how strict monotheists such as Jews and Muslims need not reject the doctrine of divine plurality. Questions of divine freedom are raised: did God have to create the world? Does God have to save us? Does God have to love us?

Creeds and Manifestos

The Gospel Creed – A succinct formula of faith that may be recited during the liturgy.

Ecumenical Solutions – Two diagrams which ecumenically represent a unified, syncretic and synthetic doctrine of God, drawing upon Bhaktic and Vedantic Hinduism; Ash’ari and Mut’azila Islam; as well as Arian, Nestorian, Eastern, Oriental and Western Orthodox Christianities. The truth is out there.

Five Rules for Life – A terrifying encounter with cocaine leads to the rediscovery and crystallisation of 5 major and 2 minor principles oriented towards living a good life and maximising well-being. The post discusses how to embrace pain and bad moods as the good and helpful things that they are rather than running away from them with sex, drugs and alcohol, all while avoiding the destructive extremes of mania and depression

When I’m Pope – Regulations Concerning The Reception of Communion – Some short reflections concerning ecclesiology and Eucharistic communion.

When I’m Pope… – An angry rant directed against ignorant protestants. Thankfully I wasn’t actually pope at the time!

Credo – The initial mystical poem by which I attempt to tersely sum “everything” up.

Divine Prophecies

The following are my own personal revelations from God and records of my interactions with him during deep prayer.

Prophecy Fragment #1 – Divine Revelations

Prophecy Fragment #2 – Mystical Reflections

Prophecy Fragment #3 – The Virtue of Hidden Compassions

Prophecy Fragment #4 – Impassable Infatuation

Prophecy Fragment #5 – Miscellaneous Scraps

Prophecy Fragment #6 – The Joy of the Gospel

Prophecy Fragment #7 – Unfinished poetry

Prophecy Fragment #8 – An Apokatastasic Doxology

Prophecy Fragment #9 – Impassable, Immutable Love

Prophecy Fragment #10 – Epektasis, Eschaton, and the Ineffable Mystery of Evil

Prophecy Fragment #11 – Divine Promises

Poetry & Prose

O What a Wonderful Woman – A poem about my new Girlfriend. Early days, and it’s all sunshine and rainbows for now.

“Why Don’t You Have Facebook?” – I set down my thoughts as I come to terms with the necessity of modern technology in the face of my first real relationship.

Ecstasy – Vivid memories of my first real, romantic kiss.

The Riddle of the Universe – The poem I wrote the night before the psychosis that brought me to Christ. I later came back to it and added a second stanza.

I will miss you – Poem I wrote right after a flatmate of three years moved out. An interesting conclusion to a colourful relationship.

Sailing – Unfinished Poem fragments about a sailing trip with my grandfather. Features infinity and projective geometry.

Dark Nostalgia – A record of my wandering in darkness post high school. I ponder whether my refusal to adopt modern social technology is why I am struggling with girls so much.

Don’t look back – I can’t remember the context of this one. Just a snippet/fragment.

Windows – Random semi-profound reflections on knowledge, understanding and wisdom.

Loyalty – Deep in the depths of anger, resentment and frustration. A tale of loyalty and friendship turned into hatred and betrayal.

Juxtaposition – An unfinished piece. Never got around to completing it because the plan involved a sex scene and I had not actually experienced sex at the time and so didn’t really know what to write. I’m satisfied with what little I did manage to produce.

One Day – I try my hand at highly structured poetry. There was nothing really driving this except for the meter and rhyme.

Cold Nostalgia – Post-defeat. My mindset as I reflect on my failures. Traumatic memories of third wheeling. The beginning of the great bitterness and resentment that drove me to the pickup artist community.

I Hate You – Defeat, Despair, Suicide, Destruction, Hell, Frustration, Failure, Jealousy

Winter Formal – One of my darkest poems. Where I resolve to do everything I can to crush my friend turned enemy.

The need to be long. – Parody creative writing taking the piss out of the question. My actual submission is below.

The Need to Belong – Another high school English creative writing task. I lament the fact that I have to take Ritalin in order to fit in, and rage against the hypocrisy of the government and “the system”.

Confessions – The sad sequel to my “What were the odds?” poem. What started with butterflies in the stomach and hope and excitement ends with tragedy, confusion, loss, regret, despair. I lament not being honest and direct with my intentions and feelings.

Train Ride – A confessional poem in which I realised that my fear and lack of trust and honesty was hurting my success with the ladies.

Unfinished Poetry Fragment – More angst over the medicine I felt forced to take for most of my childhood and adolescence.

Seven Words – Cryptic poem with a concealed message. Can you work it out? I quite like the meter in this one.

Swimming Carnival Bogans – A recount of the 2010 Normanhurst Boys High swimming carnival. In the same style as my “Eating a bogan” poem.

Random Poetry Fragment – Angsty fragment which records me coming to terms with my emotions, whilst those same emotions were being heavily suppressed by prescription methylphenidate.

An Insult – Random memoir of something my high school frenemy once said to me and the fallout.

The Ace of Hearts – I’m actually quite proud of this one. A record of a tense encounter with an Angel and a Demon. Well, it was actually just my comp sci tutor and a girl I was crushing on, but it sure seemed like angels and demons at the time!

A Dance – A record of a dream I once had. Gets full poetic at the end.

Hugs – Some scraps of poetry relating to the topic of hugging. Nothing extensive or particularly interesting to see here.

Maths – A poem written after I had been grounded and forced to study back in 2009.

Darkness – Let light fall! On the shadows of the shadow that should be mine. Companion piece to my “Shadow” poem. This describes my thoughts just prior to visiting my frenemies church youth group one night.

You must specialise in broken hearts – More angst and bitterness

Spiral – A poem about the spiral curriculum of mathematics education of all things… With that classic INTP introvert spin that brings even the most mundane things to vibrant poetic life

The Art of Words – A poem about poetry itself.

Not Again – Getting deep into the teen angst now. Seeing enemies everywhere and not knowing what to do. Feeling very suspicious, jealous, guarded. Revealing nothing to anyone. Trusting no one.

Dark Days – I can’t quite remember the context of this one, although I suspect it has something to do with when I lost my naivety regarding women and romance and started getting very angsty that other guys kept on stealing the girls I was interested in.

What were the odds? – Poem about running into a childhood friend after 6 years of being apart. I ended up developing a mad crush on her due to her looks, kindness and intelligence.

The Journey is more Important than the Destination – My submission for a year 11 English creative writing task. I decided to write my story in the form of a poem.

Eating a bogan at short break – A haiku version of the Recess poem

Eating a Bogan at Recess – A description of an average day on the playground of Normanhurst boys circa 2008

Curry Jack – A celebration of the departure of the school bully at the beginning of 2009.

Osmosis – An ode to my favourite word.

Epistemology – A poetic statement of my core beliefs prior to becoming a Christian

Formal – My longest poem. An epic tale of rejection and heartbreak.

The Five States of Troll – Some nonsense from year 10.

Rangas and Redheads – Early poem that did the rounds back in high school. Lots of laughs were had over it at the time.

Emotions – My first poem, written after my first serious rejection. Isn’t teen angst awesome?

Bright, Beautiful, Deadly – Purple prose from my final year of high school. Redheads are glorious.

The Shadow – One of the few poems I produced during high school that I am still proud of. The story of how one of my good friends begun to worship and imitate me, and how this totally weirded me out and contributed to the disintegration of the relationship. Years later, things aren’t how they used to be, but there is no longer any animosity between us and we are comfortable calling each other friends.

Trains – Potentially my greatest poem. Inspired by a psychedelic trip brought on by nothing more than heatstroke on the hottest day of 2009.

When a Devout Christian Attends a Rave and Takes MDMA – The title says it all. A poem about what it feels like to descend into a certain kind of Hell, and the interesting, sad people that you meet there.


My personal story. Currently in four parts, I will add to this as time goes by (Hopefully every two years).

Testimony – Agnostic to Christian

Testimony – Christian to Catholic

Testimony – Catholic to Universalist

Testimony – Universalist to Priest

Investigative Journalism

I Spent a Night in an Apocalyptic Cult – I describe what it is like to attend a liturgy organised by the World Mission Society Church of God in Sydney: A new, rapidly growing cult who believe that their founder is the second coming; a reincarnation of Jesus.

Sunday Mass at St Fiacre’s Leichhardt – A description of the experience of attending the Sunday 9:30am mass at St Fiacre’s parish in Leichhardt, Sydney. Expect lots of cannibalism and human sacrifice!

Letters and Epistles

These are some theological emails that I have sent to various people and decided to make public.

The Second Epistle to Brother Reginald

The First Epistle to Brother Reginald

Attention Random Internet Reader: I Promise To Rescue You, Should You Find Yourself Damned

God is Perfectly and Entirely Free, and yet he can not Do Other than what he Does: Create us, Love us, Save us.

Apophaticism and Transcendence

Unspoken Homilies

Short punchy pieces of theological writing that would potentially preach well from the pulpit.

Jesus Was a Heretic

You must interpret Hell in light of the Gospel, rather than interpreting the Gospel in light of Hell.

Jesus was not born God, he “became” God

Bride of Christ and Whore of Babylon

Reverse Pelagianism Just as Heretical

Is Damnation Merely Everlasting or Entirely Irrevocable?

The Cross Was The Fall

The Abolition of Hell

“How beautiful are the feet of those who preach good news!”

Condoms = Murder

The One True God and his One True Gospel

On the Impossibility of a World Without the Cross

We should not desire to pass through Hell on our way to Heaven

Guest Posts

The Song of the Eschaton Incarnate – Extract from the Gospel of Saint John.

Pluralism is the Gospel – Saint Paul and Evangelism – Extract from Paul’s letter to the Corinthians.

A Rite Of Passage – Description of an ancient Byzantine/Roman Easter vigil, with the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist.

Dare We Hope “That All Men Be Saved”? – An extract from the book of the same name by Von Balthasar. He never quite rose to the greater hope, but he had some punchy things to say.

BREAKING: Pope Francis Breaks Land Speed Record – A collection of satirical headlines about Pope Francis. I do not know who the original author was

Infallible Assurance Of Universal Salvation in Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Romans – Simple Quote of Romans 8

O Death, Where is Your Sting? O Hell, Where is Your Victory? – Famous Easter homily of Saint John Chrysostom.